Category Archives: World Government

The Role of World Institutions in Globalization

World Institutions and Globalization

During World War II, world leaders recognized the need for international economic institutions. These laid the foundation for globalization.

In 1944, political leaders established the International Monetary Fund and the World Bank.

In 1948 the General Agreement of Tariffs and Trade (GATT) followed along with a new wave of regional organizations. It instituted a code of rules by which countries could trade, as well as a forum for resolving trade disputes. It aimed to liberalize world trade through the reduction of trade barriers. Nations coordinated their trade policies through the GATT. During the Uruguay Round in April 1994, over 120 countries signed an agreement in Marrakesh, Morocco, that created the World Trade Organization (WTO). The successor to the GATT, it acts as the United Nations of world trade, and continues to liberalize the global market. It began operation in January of 1995.

The UN, founded with 51 Member States, now includes 192. The UN’s peacekeeping role broadened considerably in recent years. Since the end of the Cold War, the UN has involved itself in the settling of conflicts across the globe. Commenting on this development, The Economist stated in an article that appeared in their November 9, 1991 issue entitled, “New Ways To Run the World” : “For the first time the nations of the world, rich and poor, are beginning to cooperate for agreed ends on a scale that hitherto only idealists have even dreamed about.”

In 1991, a year before the Earth Summit, thirty-six respected world leaders put forth a document calling for a World Summit on Global Governance. The Stockholm Initiative aims to strengthen the UN so that it can better handle the global challenges of the future. It seek to adopt a new approach to maintaining and developing international law. The proposed Commission on Global Governance seeks to strengthen the UN or form a new institution for the same purpose. Former European Commission President Jacques Delors suggested that the UN develop a “Council for Economic Security” to rewrite the rules for the global village. Delors saw it as unacceptable that single nations attempt to solve problems that have a worldwide scope.

The idea of having international rules echoes in many foreign affairs journals and has for several decades. Dennis Healy, Britain’s former Defense Minister and Chancellor of the Exchequer, stated in 1991 in his article “Pax Americana is a Dangerous Illusion,” which appeared in the August/September 1991 issue of European Affairs: “If we are talking about a new world order, I can only see a role for the UN. We can no longer tackle the great problems like environmental pollution, migration and global arms control, on a regional basis. International rules are required, especially when we remember that the population of the world is doubling every 50 years.”

In 1944, The International Monetary Fund (IMF), founded at the Bretton Woods Conference secures global monetary joint action. It enlists 184 member nations.

In 1975 The Conference on Security and Cooperation began functioning. It enlists 56 nations. It deals with security, human rights, and trade as a regional organization under the UN Charter. Its job includes giving early warning of potential conflicts, improving crisis management, and developing military confidence-building mechanisms. Besides the CSCE, other regional organizations have sprung up since World War II.

The EU bases its policy and laws on those of global institutions. For areas of policy not covered by any of these groups the EU establishes its own. The Council of Europe deals with human rights, health, migration, law, culture, and the environment. All of these bodies use abbreviated letters or acronyms which are synonymous with the EU. Political leaders are negotiating and signing so many of these treaties that it would require an entire book to list and explain them all. All of these groups act as the foundation stones for globalization.

What is Globalization?

How Globalization is Coming About?

Globalization is the merging of the nation’s systems and governmental processes around the globe. Social, economic, and political trends are bringing about this unification. Even religion is following the global path through organizations such as the World-Wide Council of Churches.
With today’s technology, no one nation remains isolated. Television satellites, fax machines, and data banks bring many countries together in the transference of information. Technology has made the world a smaller, more unified place. While Globalization is a process, technological developments act as the catalyst that speeds it along. Payment systems of major countries closely interlink. Banks around the globe communicate electronically. Today’s economies are interdependent and interconnected. Flows of trade and money tie countries more closely together than at any time in history. A recession in one country effects growth in others.

In addition to economic and financial interdependence, the world is breaking up into regional groupings of nations that act as trade blocs. As twenty to thirty nations form one of these blocs, they become a section of the globe. As the world coalesces into sections, unification becomes a simpler process. Five or six parts of a pie join easily, compared to over 160 pieces of a puzzle. The Great Recession showed the impact of globalization the day the American financial markets plummeted. The European markets followed and caused a ripple effect hitting every major market around the globe. Within days major financial papers reported that the world economy had literally come to a stop.

National problems that have a worldwide impact such as the recession, nuclear arms buildup, the environment, and drugs, have prompted nations to intensify their efforts to work together. Banks even unite internationally to fight computer crime and money laundering.

The Earth Summit of 1992 brought together nations from around the globe to coordinate global environmental policy. This Summit involved nearly four times as many countries as founded the UN. According to the book, Beyond Interdependence: The Meshing of the World’s Economy and the Earth’s Ecology the authors quoted Maurice Strong the Secretary General for the United Nations Conference on Environment and Development, felt that environmental problems jeopardized all nations. Problems such as global warming, the ozone hole, acid rain, soil degradation, and deforestation. He stated that “the world has now moved beyond economic interdependence to ecological interdependence-and even beyond that to an intermeshing of the two. The world’s economic and earth’s ecology are now interlocked-’unto death do them part,’ to quote one of Canada’s industrial leaders. This is the new reality of the century, with profound implications for the shape of our institutions of governance, national and international.” Thus globalization is a merging that is a byproduct of today’s world.

European Federalism in a Nutshell

European Federalism in a Nutshell

Federalist Ideology

Federalists believe that sovereign nations are no longer able to solve the world’s problems. They regard national sovereignty as a traditional, outmoded governmental precept of the past. European federalists view the sovereign nation state as an unfit model for organizing relations between European states. By pooling specific areas of sovereignty nations can prevent war and gain the ability to influence their futures.

In the December 1991 issue of European Affairs, Franz Anderiessen, former Vice President of the EU Commission, stated in his article: “The Integration of Europe: Its Now or Never,””Europe, and the world at large have suffered immeasurably, not least in this enlightened century, from exaggerated ideas of the role of the sovereign states.” The European Commission in part funds the New Federalist, the newsletter of the Young European Federalists. An eminent member of the World Federalists in the United States stated in an essay, which appeared in their 1992, No. 2 newsletter on the Introduction To World Federalism:

The current nation-state system is impractical and, in many ways, a global anarchy…Presently, blind, idolatrous nationalism is the primary force in opposition to world federation. Children at a young age must be taught the importance of loyalty to one’s family, community and homeland… loyalty to one’s planet must also be emphasized. Is there a better way than war and economic coercion to solve the world conflict? Yes, a better alternative is through system of equitable and enforceable world law.

Federalists aim for a new world based on the rule of international law, thus achieving Pax Universalis. To the federalist, one’s loyalty belongs to planet Earth. Urgency accompanies their cause, with the slogan “mankind must unite or perish.” Some members believe federalism is a force that will be unleashed throughout the whole world. They view global unity as the utopian solution to end all wars. Federalists believe that with the collapse of communism, their goal for world government has become a concrete and political aim.

With threats global in nature, nations will find no other alternative but to align with one another. Federalism’s precepts have humanistic aims. The New Federalist summed up the ideology for international law in their Introduction To World Federalism issue published in 1992 by stating that:

Federalism overcomes the cause of war. The division of the world into sovereign states with the world federation, that final stronghold of violence between men, war, will be eliminated. International anarchy will be replaced by the rule of law between states. The world federation will, as Kant taught us, open up a world in which man can consider other men as ends in themselves and in which he can fully and autonomously develop all the capacities that are within him. The world federation will open the history of the human race.

Historical Decisions in the Evolution of the EU

European Federalism Lends to Major EU Decisions

Richard Maynes and John Pinder’s book, Federal Union: The Pioneers, A History of Federal Union records that during the 1960′s the Federalist Trust’s focused on the EU’s economic, institutional, and political development. Those attending its conferences included a wider range of EU policy makers. Former French President Valéry Giscard d’Estaing spoke at their conferences. By the late 1960s, the Trust studied ways to improve Community institutions and policy. Federalists advised a common set of foreign, security, defense, and monetary policies.
Many of the staff members of the Trust regarded European federalism as the first step in establishing a new world system. Most of them later became leading political figures. Some became members of the EU Commission. Others became editors for European affairs journals, and. held other influential posts.

EU countries in the early 1980s suffered high unemployment and low growth. Europe barely recovered from the 1982 recession, unlike the US. This ignited a stronger commitment. European leaders felt it imperative to rebuild their economies for their companies to compete in the global market. Two major decisions helped them to accomplish this goal:

On June 1985, the EU published a white paper entitled, “Completing the Internal Market.” It contained 285 directives and specific laws. It assigned each order an expected date of adoption ranging from 1985 to 1991. The mandates removed fiscal, technical, and physical barriers. They also harmonized product standards, diplomas, insurance and credit regulations, and taxation from country to country.

On January 1, 1987, The European Single Act came into force. Except in cases involving health and environment, the Council of Ministers now voted a yes vote by weighted majority. Previously, all Council decisions required voting by unanimous decision. This method slowed the EU’s growth. The EU could now move forward.

In 1987, the Trust examined the idea of a European Security Community. The group’s report proposed:

The Union pools their defense forces. The EU partners with the U.S. as the European pillar NATO.

Seeks a common security relationship with the Soviet Union

Reforms the UN into a more effective peacekeeper.

The report views the Union as world community made up of nations. This will lead it to a world government one day. The Trust produced a set of proposals on how the EU might forge federal institutions. They suggested instituting a European federal bank to underpin economic and monetary union. The Trust also proposed a common security and foreign policy. The Union adopted all of these proposals, and they are now Union policy. The European Central Bank under the Lisbon Treaty became an official EU institution.

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1973- Britain, Denmark, and Ireland joined the EU, (total members 9).

1981-Greece (total members 10)

1986-Spain and Portugal became the Community’s next two members. (total members 12)

1995-Austria, Sweden and Finland became members of the Union. (total members 15)

2004-10 new countries, the Czech Republic, Estonia, Hungary, Latvia, Lithuania, Poland, Slovakia, and Slovenia, plus the Mediterranean islands of Malta and Cyprus joined the Union.

2007-Romania and Bulgari followed. (total members 27)

EU Founder Jean Monnet and European Federalism

Jean Monnet the Father of the EU

The EU regards Jean Monnet as the father of the EU. According to Richard Mayne’s and John Pinder’s Book, Federal Union: The Pioneers: A History of Federal Union, which provides a detailed account of the history of the European Union, Monnet was Born in 1988, his family worked as wine growers. He long remained anonymous despite his accomplishments. He held no political office and had no special training in any field. Some experts listed him as an economist.

In 1919, the Treaty of Versailles established the League of Nations. Monnet became its Deputy Secretary General. Europe experienced the devastation of two world wars under the dictatorships of Hitler and Mussolini. Economic crisis and unemployment marked postwar Europe. The United States and the Soviet Union emerged in much stronger positions. Monnet believed that the countries of Europe should unite to bring freedom and prosperity to their continent. He viewed national sovereignty as out dated. He noted that it prevented Europe from keeping pace in the age of the superpowers.

During the Kennedy era, growth in the EU slackened due to de Gaulle’s nationalism and anti-American sentiments. According to Mayne and Pinder, He called the US, “the unwanted federator of an integrated Europe.” They went onto state in their book that to refute this, Kennedy called for joint interdependence. At Kennedy’s speech in St. Paul’s Church of Frankfurt in 1963, he expressed satisfaction with a United Europe. He stated: “It would be a world power, capable of dealing with the US on equal footing in every domain.”

After de Gaulle’s departure, Jean Monnet’s idea of building up the European Union as a partner of the United States gained popularity. European federalists began to consider how a federal Europe might help to build a wider union of democracies. This would act as a step on the long road to world federation. The linking of militarily, politically and economically large trading blocs or regional groups of countries. would serve as an example for other regions, and could finally lead to a world community.

The Federalist movement in Europe’s ideas mirrored Monnet’s. Jean Monnet, the EU’s founder, did not follow a federalist blue-print. In 1976, the European Council made Jean Monnet an “Honorary Citizen of Europe.” In March of 1979, Monnet died. As the European Document entitled “Jean Monnet, a Grand Design For Europe,” states:

His message has the force of all simple ideas. Instead of wasting time and energy in trying to apportion blame for a horrific war, the countries of Europe should combine to bring freedom and prosperity to their continent. The imperative of the age was to bring economies together, to merge interests, to make the means of production more efficient in a world dominated by competitiveness and progress. Monnet’s message went to the root of national sovereignty which he argued was outmoded if it prevented Europe from keeping pace with the times in the age of superpowers.

EU History: European Federalism’s Influence

European Federalism Influences Formation of EU

When nuclear bombs fell on Hiroshima and Nagasaki in 1945, European federalist’s wanted action on a world scale. Federalist groups now existed throughout the world. The Federal Trust for Education and Research formed in London in 1945. The Trust, a think-tank involved itself with the European Union, as a route to its ultimate goal.

According to Richard Mayne and John Pinder’s book, Federal Union: The Pioneers: A History of Federal Union, which offers excellent detailed information on the history of the European Union, When Stalin ordered a total blockade of Berlin in 1948, this impelled Europeans to unite. That summer, World Federalists held their second congress in Luxembourg. Emery Reves, one of the speakers, began to see a federation as a possible step toward world federation. Federalists endorsed regional integration as “an approach to world federation.” The long-term goal of “world government” would be achieved via this practical path.

The federalists sought to improve and strengthen world institutions such as the UN, the IMF, and the World Bank. Globalists attempted to turn the UN into a world authority. While these efforts failed, Jean Monnet reiterated their vision for the European Union. Federalists viewed the EU as an indirect route to achieve their end.

On April 18, 1951, European leaders signed the European Coal and Steel Treaty in Paris. The treaty’s members included France, Germany, Italy, Belgium, Luxembourg, and the Netherlands. That same year, an editorial in Federal News declared that European Federalists have stated that it will be impossible to build a world federation without first federating Europe. It is becoming clear that it may not be possible to federate Europe without doing so as part of a wider scheme of federation.

According to Mayne and PInder, Federalists decided that Federal Union should encourage establishing any federations and international organizations that would lead to ultimate world federation.

In 1955, Monnet, with the Benelux statesman Paul-Henri Spaak and Jean Beyen, worked on a plan to reform Europe. The foreign ministers of the six member countries met in Messina, Sicily. They launched the process that ended with the establishment of the European Community and EURATOM (European Atomic Energy Community) on January 1, 1958.
The six decided to create a specialized community based on the ECSC, (European Coal and Steel Community) This was for the peaceful development of nuclear energy. At the same time, they decided to remove trade barriers and create a common market. Goods, persons, and capital could move freely within member countries.

On March 25, 1957, European leaders signed the EURATOM (European Atomic Agency) Treaty and the European Economic Community (EEC) or Common Market Treaty in Rome on Capitoline Hill. The EU’s founders viewed economic union as the first step for political integration.

Mayne and Pinder also record that the EEC’s institutional structure, laid out in the Treaty of Rome, found its basis in federalist ideology. Altiero Spinelli, an Italian federalist, influenced de Gasperi in the writing of the treaty. He wrote Monnet’s speech for his inaugural address as the first president of the EEC’s High Authority.

In 1957, with the signing of the Rome Treaties, the Trust’s European activities expanded. Membership grew and now included members of the EU Commission and the member countries. The subjects expanded to cover agriculture, financial investment, transport, labor law, and tax. The Trust developed the reputation as a leading think-tank. One of the speakers, Fernard Braun, a young commission official, later became the Director-General in charge of the program to complete the international market by the end of 1992. The Trust would have many more leading EU politicians in the years to follow influencing the EU’s evolution in a federalist direction.

The New World Order and EU Federalism

European Federalism and Globalization

Erika Grey, Yahoo Contributor Network
Bible Scholars agree that the final world power will rule globally. The Scripture states that the entire world worships the Beast. The Antichrist institutes his Mark worldwide. End time watchers follow developments in globalization and the New World Order. Unfortunately, around this premise many conspiracy theories have arisen. They teach that secret societies are planning for world dominion. The Masons, the Illuminati, the Trilateral Commission, the Catholic Church, the Jewish elite, and the Bildeburgers are among the groups planning the takeover. Each theory claims to document their facts on insider’s information and sound research.

While looking for the secret society, these end-time watchers have failed to discover a European political ideological movement. This group does not operate in secret but out in the open. They have influenced the European Union’s evolution. Their teachings provide a blueprint for global rule. These individuals believe in European “federalism”-the ideological term for one-worldism. They are European federalists.

The movement began in the late 1930′s in Britain, as a solution to the World War. In this proposed solution, the US federal government’s model would govern on a worldwide scale. The “federalist papers,” which drew their inspiration from English federal thought, inspired many writers and works on the topic from 1910 onward.

In 1929, a New Europe Group proposed a European federation with a common currency, and foreign and defense policies. In 1939, the federalists published the Federalist Union Manifesto. They sought out activists by sending letters to those in the Who’s Who interested in world affairs. Federalists believe that a nation’s sovereignty is artificial, and that there can be no hope for international order while nations act independently. A writer stated that “unless we destroy the sovereign state, the sovereign state will destroy us.” Federalists envision a world order which limits national sovereignty. They insist that federal union will take the globe’s governments from the nation-state to the world-state, which would be an evolutionary advance.

The ultimate aim of federalism is world government, for they view federalism as the antithesis of totalitarianism. Supporters of federalism proposed that “the long-term aim of Federal Union remains the establishment of a world federation.”

During the early years, author and lecturer Lionel Robbins sketched the outline of a new world order. He suggested that Europe become a federation of states, consenting to limited sovereignty while pursuing a common trade policy. His proposals foreshadowed what the European Union accomplished. The formation of the European Community occurred in line with federalist thinking.

In 1944, the group established the European Union of Federalists (EUF). They associated themselves with the worldwide movement for world federal government. Today in Washington exists the headquarters of the World Federalist Association, which in 2004 became the Democratic World Federalists. This group enlists the Hollywood crowd, and is a branch of the liberal left. They embrace Mother Earth rhetoric. Environmental issues, which leaders view as a global crisis, support their argument for international law.

Federalist slogans include “Peace Through World Law,” “One Planet-One People,” and “One Earth Needs World Federation.” World Federalists seek to strengthen the UN as a prospect for world government. They applaud the EU’s endeavors. The European federalists lead the movement by enlisting political leaders and intelligentsia; in addition, they publish sophisticated journals propagating their ideology. Unlike the world federalists, their goal is that the EU acts as the cornerstone for uniting the world.

European Movement, European federalism & World Government

 

In my writings, I teach about European federalism, which is the ideological term for globalists who aim for a one-world government and believe that the EU should act as the cornerstone for uniting the globe.  Federalism  is the ideology that drives the Union, and many key leaders within the EU have come from Federalist ranks. European federalism closely aligns with the European Movement, which dates back to 1947. While Federalism provides the ideology and blueprint for the EU, the European Movement provides the legs.

In Bible Prophecy conspiracy, theorists often point to organizations such as the Freemasons, Bilderbergers, Trilateral Commission and Council on Foreign Relations as covert organizations conspiring for World Government. Right under the noses of conspiracy theorists existed the organizations, they should have been paying attention to whose goals and aims are not secret at all but out in the open for all to learn about and possibly join. Many Federalists belong to the Bilderbergers, and Trilateral Commission and influence within those organizations with their globalist vision.

The European Movement formed in 1947 for good reason.  The European Coal Steel Community, which pooled the steel and coal of France and Germany formed to help prevent another world war. The war officially ended with the surrender of Germany in May of 1945, followed by the surrender of Japan in August 1946. Pro-European and Federalist movements campaigned actively in favor of European unification. Some of these originated in the Resistance, and they came together to create the Liaison Committee of the Movements for European Unity on 20 July 1947 in Paris. It comprised the Independent League for European Cooperation (ILEC), led by former Belgian Prime Minister Paul van Zeeland, the Union of European Federalists (UEF), lrun by Henri Brugmans of the Netherlands, and Winston Churchill’s United Europe Movement (UEM). In Paris on 10 and 11 November 1947, they  replaced the Liaison Committee with an International Committee of the Movements for European Unity (ICMEU), which had its headquarters in London. They met again on 10 November 1947 and changed their name to The Joint International Committee for European Unity. They retained this name until after the 1948 Congress of The Hague, Alcide De Gasperi and Paul-Henri Spaak, both who were instrumental in the formation of the ECSC were elected as Honorary Presidents.

The Congress of Europe in The Hague on Oct. 25, 1948, changed its name to the European Movement) Organized by the International Committee of the Movements for European Unity and presided over by Winston Churchill, the Congress brought together representatives from across a broad political spectrum, providing them with the opportunity to discuss ideas about the development of European Union.

Important political figures such as Konrad Adenauer, Winston Churchill, Harold Macmillan, François Mitterrand, Paul-Henry Spaak, Albert Coppé and Altiero Spinelli took an active role in the Congress, and a call was launched for a political, economic and monetary union of Europe. The European Movement has been such an important part of foreign affairs in the wake of the war that the United States funded its operations and formed a U.S. branch.  The American Committee on United Europe (ACUE), founded in 1948, sought to counter the Communist threat in Europe by promoting European political integration. Its first chairman was ex-wartime OSS head, William Joseph Donovan. Declassified American government documents have shown that the ACUE was an important early funder of both the European Movement and the European Youth Campaign. The ACUE itself received funding from the Rockefeller and Ford foundations.U.S. policy promoted a United States of Europe, and the committee discretely funneled CIA funds in the amount of $1,000,000 USD per year during the mid-1950s to European Federalists supporting the Council of Europe, the European Coal and Steel Community, and the proposed European Defense Community.

The European Movements objective is to “contribute to the establishment of a united, federal Europe founded on the principles of peace, democracy, liberty, solidarity, and respect for basic human rights. It seeks to provide a structure to encourage and facilitate the active participation of citizens and civil-society organizations in the development of a united Europe.” Its 42 National Councils and 32 associated Member Organizations work towards bringing together representatives from European associations, political parties, enterprises, trade unions and individual lobbyists. The Movement focuses its efforts on influencing political, social and cultural centers within European Society. The European Movement has played a major role during the construction of the European Union.

The European Movement has been responsible for notable achievements, which have greatly contributed to the EU’s evolution.  The first major accomplishment was the setting up of the Council of Europe in May 1949. The European Movement also created the College of Europe in Bruges, which is known as the Harvard. It is to the European political elite what the Harvard Business School is to corporate America.  The Economist describes it as an elite finishing school for aspiring Eurocrats. The Financial Times writes that the elite College of Europe in Bruges in an institution geared to producing crop after crop of graduates with a lifelong enthusiasm for EU integrations.  The movement set up think-tanks and networks and the European Center of Culture in Geneva.

Since 1948, the European Movement has lobbied for further integration, on numerous subjects. It exercises its influence on European and national institutions. It worked in favor of the direct election of the European Parliament by all EU citizens, in favor of the Treaty on the European Union (the Maastricht Treaty) and also for a European Constitution. Its objective was to transform the relations between the European States and its citizens into a Federal European Union. Currently, the EMI is represented in 41 European countries and regroups 20 international associations. The European Movements objective is to transform the EU into a Federal European Union.

With such a highly sophisticated group, it is not surprising that all the Commission Presidents have been Federalists as have the presidents of the European Movement. This following page highlights, the EU’s founders,  spotlights at Commission Presidents for the last 50 years, current EU leaders and notable EU’s  movers and shakers past and present.  It is not a complete list but will give a good view to the sophistication of this group.

European Union Foundering Fathers

Jean Monnet     A French statesman and technocrat, Monnet is regarded as the father of the EU, he is the EU’s authentic architect and was the brains behind the 1950 Schuman Plan and the European Coal and Steel Community, of which he was the first president of the EC ( EU) Commission.

Robert Schuman     A Christian Democrat (M.R.P.) and an independent political thinker and activist, he presented the proposal, which was to lay the foundation for the European Union. Twice Prime Minister of France, a reformist Minister of Finance and a Foreign Minister, he was instrumental in building post-war European and trans-Atlantic institutions and is regarded as one of the founders of the European Union, the Council of Europe and NATO. He became the fifth president of the EC (EU) Parliament.

Konrad Adenuer      A founding father of the EU, Adenuer served as the first Chancellor of the Federal Republic of West Germany from 1949–1963 and chairman of the Christian Democratic Union from 1950 to 1966. He was also a member of the European Movement.

Aldice De Gasperi      Prime Minister of Italy who founded the Christian Democratic Party, and Honorary President of European Movement and second president of EC (EU) Parliament.

Paul Henri Spaak     Belgian Prime Minister and Honorary President of European Movement. He also became the first president of the EC’s (EU) parliament. He was Belgium’s foremost statesman in the decades following World War II and a leading advocate of European cooperation. He held the post of Foreign Minister of Belgium, In addition to helping form the EEC; later succeeded by the European Union), he aided in the formation of the North Atlantic Treaty Organization(NATO), and Benelux, the customs union of Belgium, the Netherlands, and Luxembourg also known as the Benelux Economic Union He was elected first President of the General Assembly of the United Nations on January 16, 1946 and held this office for one session.

Alterio Spinelli     Regarded as the EU’s Godfather, Spinelli was a founding father of the EU and of the European Federalist Movement in Milan. He was a member of the European Commission for six years and a member of the European Parliament for ten years right up until his death in 1986.  During the 1980s he was a catalyst for getting the Parliament to adopt a draft treaty on European union, on which the Maastricht treaty was based. The main building of the European Parliament in Brussels is named after him. In 1941, Spinelli wrote  The Ventotene Manifesto For a Free and United Europe. Spinelli formed the Crocodile Club in 1980, named after the Strasbourg restaurant where he used to meet with a small group of MEPs.  There they plotted to turn the European Parliament into a proper legislature, with responsibility for drafting a European constitution.  These ideas opposed by Margaret Thatcher survived in watered down form in the Single European Act of 1986 and the Maastricht Treaty of 1992. The current Spinelli group was formed to ensure that the EU continues to evolve in a Federalist direction.

Other Notable EU Founders

Winston Churchill     Prime Minister of the UK, made an honorary citizen of the United States and member of the European Movement and its overseer.

Francois Mitterrand     In May 1948, Mitterrand who had been a member of the Resistance participated in the Congress of The Hague, and helped form the European Movement. Later during his tenure as Prime Minister of France he supported the enlargement of the Community to include Spain and Portugal (which both joined in January 1986). In February 1986, he helped the Single European Act come into effect, which helped speed up the decision-making process within the EU. He worked well with German Chancellor Helmut Kohl and improved Franco-German relations significantly. Together they fathered the Maastricht Treaty, which was signed on 7 February 1992. While Mitterrand was not a proclaimed Federalist he was “A Federalist in the Long Run.”

EU Commission Presidents  

Many Presidents of the last 50 years have been Federalists. Many of the EU Parliament Presidents have also been Federalists, and some have also been Presidents of the European Movement. Federalists come in a variety of flavors and colors; some are more Federalist others unionists, some more conservative others more liberal, but in the end, they are all Federalists. While there are conservatives within the EU institutions and anti Federalists, there are enough Federalists to keep the EU moving forward in a Federalist direction.

Presidents of the European Commission 

  • Jean Monnet (France, 1952-1955) President of the High Authority of the ECSC (prior to entry into force of Merger Treaty of 1967)
  • Walter Hallstein (West Germany, 1958-1967), 1st President
  • Jean Ray (Belgium, 1967-1970)
  • Franco Maria Malfatti (Italy, 1970-1972)
  • Sicco L. Mansholt(Netherlands, 1972-1972)
  • Francois-Xavier Ortoli(France, 1973-1976
  •  Roy Jenkins (United Kingdom, 1977-1980)     Jenkins served on Federal Trust’s Executive Committee in the 1960s, a founder of the Social Democratic Party (SDP) and a British MP he became the only British president of the European Commission.  
  • Gaston Edmont Thorn(Luxembourg, 1981-1984)     An Avowed Federalist, Thorn served as Luxembourg’s Foreign Minister, Foreign Trade Minister and Prime Minister, Minister of Economics, Member of the European Parliament and President of the UN General Assembly before becoming Commission President in 1981. After his term, he remained active in political affairs as President of the International European Movement.
  •  Jacques Delors (France, 1985-1995)     Commission President for ten years, (two terms) Delors previously served in the EU Parliament and then worked as economics and finance minister and budget minister for Francois Mitterrand. A fervent Federalist, he laid the groundwork for the introduction of the single market, and the creation of the Euro.  The EU as is known today is referred to as, “the house that Jacques built.”  Delors created the think tank Notre Europe in 1996.
  • Jacques Santer(Luxembourg, 1994-1999), resigned Jacques Santer, a lawyer by training, was the former Prime Minister of Luxembourg. He also served as finance minister in a nation that has been called a financial capital of the world and held posts as governor of the IMF and president of the World Bank. Although his Commission was forced to resign, and EU writers do not pay him much homage because of his resignation,  it should be noted that he possessed stellar experience in international finance, and he was the  Commission President responsible for the successful launch of the euro at a time when the media said it would not succeed. He was the right man at the right time for the launch of the Euro. Santer also saw through preparations for enlargement of the EU.  After Santer was forced to resign from the EU Commission, he went to work as a member of the European Parliament From 1999 until 2004 as an MEP. He also was on General Mediterranean Holdings‘ board, a financial holding owned by Anglo-Iraqi Nadhmi Auchi. He is currently President of Group Europe, a division of the Union of European Federalists.On Monday 23 January 2012, Jacques Santer was appointed to head the board of the Special Purpose Investment Vehicle (SPIV), which is designed to boost the firepower of the European Financial Stability Facility, the Eurozone rescue fund.
  • Manuel Marin (Spain) interim after Santer resignation     Manuel Marin is a Spanish politician, former President of the Congress of Deputies of Spain. He was a long-time member of the European Commission, and President during the interim following the Resignation of the Santer Commission, He was appointed a Vice-President of the European Commission, which was the first Commission presided over by Jacques Delors. Marin was given the portfolio of Social Affairs, Education.  Marin was responsible for a number of important initiatives including the Erasmus Programme, which still runs today and has acquired iconic status as a symbol of European integration, his initial priority was the successful integration of Spain into the life of the European Communities. Marin was reappointed into the second Delors Commission from 1989–1992, again as Vice-President and oversaw development cooperation and the Common Fisheries Policy.
  • Marin was appointed to the third Delors Commission (1993–1994with responsibility for development and cooperation, economic external relations with southern Mediterranean countries, Latin America, Asia, African, Caribbean and Pacific countries, and humanitarian aid. Marin’s final term in the European Commission was in the Santer Commission from 1995 until 1999. His initial portfolio in this mandate was external relations with Southern Mediterranean countries, the Middle East, Latin America and Asia, including development aid; in this period difficulties in implementing the EU’s “Mediterranean strategy” under his leadership began to lead to complaints of incompetence and of fraud. Manuel held a Certificate of Advanced European Studies, College of Europe, Bruges, which rendered him certifiably Federalist.
  • Romano Prodi (Italy, 1999-2004)     Former Prime Minister of Italy before becoming Commission President. Prodi called on the headquarters of the International Monetary Fund (IMF) to be relocated from Washington to European soil.  Prodi is an arch Euro-Federalist.  In a speech to an EU summit in Barcelona in 2002, Prodi stated that Europe’s goal was to create “a superpower on the European continent that stands equal to the United States.” He also stated, “We will rebuild the Roman Empire.”
  • Manual Boroso (Portugal, 2004-)     Former Prime Minister of Portugal, moderate Federalist and like Jacques Delors, Barroso is a two term president. Barroso hails the EU as an Empire.

 Present EU Leaders

Herman Von Rumpey A self-proclaimed Federalist but not a fundamentalist and a Former Prime Minister of Belgium and first full time president of the European Council.

Lady Ashton     British Labour politician who is a Federalist in the closet and the High Representative for Foreign Affairs and Security Policy of the European Union (EU) She is also the First-Vice-President of the European Commission (since February 2010). Although nowhere  does it state that Lady Ashton is a Federalist, if she were not one in hiding, the many Federalists who make up the EU would not have nominated her to the post.

Martin Schultz The European Parliament President, and German MEP, Martin Schulz, said: “We need a strong united Europe.”  During Barosso’s last election, he chose rather for a more staunch Federalist to get the seat of the EU Commission, Guy Verhofstadt.

The Parliament President who Schultz replaced:

Jersey Buzek Former Prime Minister of Poland and former president of the EU Parliament.  He is a Euro Federalist, and he called for a new Schuman declaration in the consumption and production of energy-a European energy community as the next big vision for Europe.

NATO  Secretary Generals and Federalists during NATO’s Transition Period

Javiar Solana Spain’s political minister for 13 years and anti-American, anti-NATO,  and the ninth Secretary General of NATO from 1995 to 1999. Immediately, after Solana went to work as the High Representative for Common Foreign and Security Policy of the European Union and Secretary-General of the Western European Union (WEU and after 2004 as Head of the European Defense Agency (EDA.) With all of Mr. Solana’s EU leanings one has to wonder what he was doing in NATO, and if he was strategically placed there to undermine the organization.  Solana took over the position in NATO from Federalist Willy Claes who had been forced to resign in a corruption scandal. His appointment created controversy because he had been an opponent of NATO. He wrote a pamphlet called 50 Reasons to say no to NATO, and had been on a US subversives list. One had to wonder if both men were not plants to undermine NATO at a time when NATO’s future was in question.

Willy Claes An admitted and innovative Federalist, Claes was foreign minister of Belgium from 1992 until 1994, and secretary-general of NATO from 1994 until 1995, when he resigned after the discovery and conviction of a bribe of over 50 million Belgian francs while minister of economic affairs. Claus viewed the EU’s founding fathers as wanting to create a political union in order to avoid a new military confrontation between Paris and Berlin. Concerning the nation state, Claus stated at an interview “Europe is not able to speak with one voice.  We are still living in the tradition of the 1648 Treaty of Westphalia that created the concept of the sovereign state.  Yet, because of technological revolution, the world has increasingly become a planetary village where frontiers are losing their importance.  I have the feeling that some of my colleagues still have not understood that the rule of the nation-state is weakening, especially on one continent such as Europe.”  He viewed monetary union as “The end of the so-called dictatorship of the Deutschmark and regarded Chancellor Helmut Kohl as being part of the “war generation” and that Germany … could not go alone in developing its own foreign and defense policy and that all this had to be decided in the EU.”  He even felt that Helmut Kohl admitted to this.  He believed that Europe should speak with one voice in NATO and have an important role. He sated, “I think the best solution is to do it in NATO to maintain the strategic link with the United States.”

Notable Federalists Worth a Mention

 Valéry Giscard d’Estaing     A committed Federalist and former French President. He presided over the Convention on the Future of the European Union that drafted the ill-fated Treaty establishing a Constitution for Europe. He takes part, with a prominent role, to the annually held Bilderberg private conference and is an acting president of the European Movement.

Edward Heath     A longstanding Federalist and former Prime Minister of Britain, Heath brought Britain into the EEC. (EU)

 Helmut Kohl      Chancellor of Germany from 1982 to 1998 of West Germany between 1982,  and 1990 and of a reunited Germany between 1990 and 1998. Kohl is widely regarded as one of the main architects of the German reunification and, together with French President François Mitterrand, the Maastricht Treaty, which created the European Union. In 1998, Kohl was named Honorary Citizen of Europe by the European heads of state or government for his extraordinary work for European integration and cooperation, an honor previously only bestowed on Jean Monnet.

Most Outspoken Federalist

 Guy Verhofstadt     EU Mover and Shaker, former Belgian Prime Minister, MEP and leader of the ALDE (Alliance of Liberals and Democrats)group within the European Parliament. Discussions are already underway for his being nominated as the next Commission President after Borroso. Author of the United States of Europe:  Manifesto for new Europe. Verhofstadt also authored the report The Age of Empires: The Financial Crisis three ways out for Europe.  His recent work was a joint project with Daniel Cohn-Bendit titled, For Europe: Manifesto for a Post National Revolution in New Europe. He also authored How Europe Can Save the World. In addition, Mr. Verhofstadt formed the Spinelli group, which aims to insure that the EU evolve along Federalist lines and accelerate integration. Founded on 15 September 2010 in the European Parliament (EP) in Brussels, the group is named after Altiero Spinelli (1907 – 1986), founder of the Union of European Federalists (UEF) and a founding father of the European integration,

Along with Mr. Verhofstadt, the Spinelli group was formed by leading EU Federalist politicians, which include EU Commissioner and puppet Italian Prime Minister Mario Monti, who was a member of the European Commission from 1999-2004. Monti was in charge of the Single Market, Financial Services and Tax Policy from 1995 until 1999. During the following legislature, he was the European Commissioner in charge of Competition. He contributed to the  cornerstone of European integration, the Single Market.

Among the other founders are Jacques Delors, and MEP Andrew Duff Andrew Duff, who is a British politician. He is currently spokesman for the Alliance of Liberals and Democrats for Europe (ALDE) on Constitutional Affairs. He was a member of the Convention on the Charter of Fundamental Rights and the Convention on the Future of Europe. He represented the Parliament in the Intergovernmental Conference on the Treaty of Lisbon. Duff has been the Liberal Democrat Member of the European Parliament for the East of England since 1999. Elected President of the Union of European Federalists (UEF) in 2008, Duff also chairs the Federalist Intergroup in the European Parliament. Duff was Director of the EU think-tank the Federal Trust for Education and Research, 1993-99. He was Vice-President of the Liberal Democrats, 1994-97, and a City Councillor in Cambridge, 1982-90.  He is a founder member of the European Council on Foreign Relations (ECFR), which proves my earlier point that these organizations are influenced by EuroFederalists with their globalist ideals.

Other founders of the Spinelli group include members of the Green parties.  Joschka Fischer (born 12 April 1948) is a German politician of the Alliance ’90/The Greens. In 1985, he became Minister for the Environment in the Landtag of Hesse. Fischer was again Environment Minister in Hesse from 1991 to 1994, and, later,  became co-chairman of the Greens parliamentary party in the Bundestag. In September 1998, Fischer became Minister of Foreign Affairs.  MEP Daniel Cohn-Bendit (born 4 April 1945) is currently co-president of the group European Greens–European Free Alliance in the European Parliament. In 1994, he was elected for the first time to the European parliament. He co-authored the Federalist manifesto For Euro with Guy Verhofstadt.

For the comprehensive list, you can go to http://www.spinelligroup.eu/actions/who-we-are/

Verhofstadt is also the honorary president of the Union of European Federalists (UEF) in Belgium. The EU financial crisis and its threat to the euro have caused many EU politicians to decide that the way forward out of the crisis is to unify along Federalist lines.  While moderates have been picked for the EU’s high-ranking  posts, the thought is that going forward the EU needs an aggressive Federalist.   Verhofstadt might very well be the next EU Commission president. Draft treaties are already underway to amend Lisbon to give the EU the final teeth it needs to go forward as a United States of Europe. The next conference will convene after the new Commission president of 2015 takes his seat.   All of this is 100% in line with Bible Prophecy. Bible Prophecy is being fulfilled within the current geopolitical system and is moving forward and in step with the increase in natural disasters and other signs unfolding.

Notes

The Future of Europe, Ideas, Ideals and Those who Make Them Happen, Interview,  Jean Monnet Center for International and Regional Economic Law & Justice on 30 April 2002, at NYU School of Law

http://www.spinelligroup.eu/actions/who-we-are/

http://www.cvce.eu/content/publication/2011/10/14/dc65ddb1-f7b9-4ffb-907d-9510a5a6ce36/publishable_en.pdf

 

http://www.telegraph.co.uk/news/worldnews/europe/1356047/Euro-Federalists-financed-by-US-spy-chiefs.html